A prevalent type of informal settlement usually on land not zoned for residential purposes, or in disregard to master plan regulations. There are approximately 12.5 lakh UAC households, housing over 40 lakh Delhi residents, that is over 30% of Delhi’s population. They remain in a state of precarity, maneuvering limited ownership rights, contested non-residential land use, and a lack of formal housing finance
In UACs, service deficiencies are prevalent. Lack of piped water connections, sewerage systems, and inadequate drainage are common across the 1700 odd colonies that exist in Delhi.
UACs have existed since the early 1960s. Over decades, multiple Regularisation schemes have attempted to grant legal status and recognise property titles as well as rights to sell, transfer, mortgage, seek housing finance, and pursue improved infrastructure services.